Flying Squirrel Droppings (Wu Ling Zhi)

wu-ling-zhiYou might think you have known everything about the standard ways of using animal dung, right? But apparently you are not. For example, do you know flying squirrel droppings, often found in your eves or attic, can be used as a Chinese medicine called Wu Ling Zhi for a variety of illness, in particular abdominal pain? Indeed, what this crap can do to you is somewhat beyond your imagination. In some way it works just like ibuprofen does. No wonder it is frequently used in the treatment of disorders that affect the female reproductive system, such as menstrual cramps, uterine bleeding, abdominal pain after childbirth, and more. By the way, it is to be regretted that you can’t get it if you happen to live in the United States since it is banned there currently.

What are flying squirrel droppings?

Medicinally it refers especially to the droppings of Trogopterus xanthipes Milne-Edwards, an animal species also called the complex-toothed flying squirrel in the family Petauristidae. In addition, the dried droppings of Pteromys volans L. can be used occasionally the same way. So, it is also commonly known as Trogopterus Dung, Feces Trogopterori Seu Pteromi, Excrementum Trogopteri seu Pteromi, Trogopteri excrementum, and so on. In China it is basically produced in Hebei, Shanxi, and Gansu. When used as a medicine it can be harvested throughout the year and then dried in the sun before the impurities have been removed. Based on how it looks, it can be categorized into 2 major types – block and granule. The former is condensed by many fecal pellets and believed with better medicinal properties while the latter is loose and rice-shaped and with less quality. Medicinally it is used raw or roasted with vinegar or wine.

The complex-toothed flying squirrel, just as its name implies, is characterized by its teeth, except that it is no different to other flying squirrels. Besides, additional features of it include black hair clustered together at the lower side of the ear, grey-brown fur, slightly red face and tail, and approximately 30 cm body and 30 cm tail. It homes and lays its eggs in cliffs that are about 30 meters. It is active during the night to gather branches, fruits, and nuts and by day it just sleeps.

It contains pyrocatechol, benzoic acid, 3-caren-9,10-dicarboxylic acid, uracil, wulingzhic acid, m-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid, hypoxanthine, allantoin, L-tyrosine, 3-O-cis-p-coumaroyltormentic acid, 3-O-trans-p-coumaroyltormentic acid, 2α-hydroxyursolic acid, pomolic acid, jacoumaric acid, ursolic acid, tormentic acid, euscaphic acid, masolinic acid, serratagenic acid, goreishic acid, and so on.

Flying squirrel feces health benefits

This herb can be used for bleeding due to blood stasis or failure of blood to circulate in the vessels, e.g. metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, too frequent and prolonged copious menses, purple blood clots during menstruation, and stabbing pain in the lower abdomen. It is fried, ground, and taken along with warm wine or combined with other herbs to cater to the specific condition.

There are many trogopterus-dung based formulas, typified by Shi Xiao San, which literally means “cannot help laughing powder.” This famous prescription, consisting of flying squirrel droppings and Pu Huang (cattails), is mainly designed for pains caused by stasis of blood. Clinically these 2 ingredients are commonly used in the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. Today the related pharmacological studies confirmed that the former ingredient could retard the clotting of blood and increase coronary blood flow while the latter ingredient could expand coronary artery, lower lipid, and acceleration velocity. As a result, the combination of them is effective for coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. Since it is able to remove all the symptoms unconsciously and make the patient smile again soon, the ancient named it as “Shi Xiao San.”

Modern pharmacological actions

1) It inhibits platelet aggregation, reduces blood viscosity, and lowers plasma viscosity;
2) It reduces myocardial oxygen consumption;
3) It improves tolerance of hypoxia, cold and high temperature;
4) It relieves muscle spasm;
5) It enhances normal immune function and improves experimental microcirculation;
6) It has different degrees of inhibition on a variety of skin fungi;
7) It inhibits Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Sample trogopterus dung recipes on herbal remedies

The Chinese Materia Medica documents that it is bitter, sweet in flavor and warm in nature. It goes to meridians of liver and spleen. Essential functions are promoting blood circulation to arrest pain, Getting rid of stasis to stop bleeding, removing infantile malnutrition, and relieving internal heat or fever. Fundamental trogopterus dung uses and indications include epigastric pain, amenorrhea, postpartum abdominal pain caused by blood stasis, uterine bleeding, malnutrition in children, and bits by snake, scorpion, and centipede. Recommended dosage is from 5 to 10 grams in decoction, pills, and powder.

1) Zi Jin Wan from Chan Ru Ji Yan Fang (Collection of Effective Recipes for Puerpera). It is coupled with cattails to treat lochia that keeps stopping and starting, lower back pain, stabbing pain in lower abdomen, chills and fever, no appetite accompanied with headache, and so on;

2) Ling Zhi San from Yong Lei Qian Fang (Everlasting Categorization of Seal Formulas). It is used alone to cure men’s spleen accumulation and pain due to disorder of the vital energy or women’s pains caused by vaginal bleeding;

3) Jie Gu Dan from Ru Men Shi Qin (Confucians’ Duties to Serve Their Parents). It is combined with Xiao Hui Xiang (Fennel Seed) and Ru Xiang (Frankincense) to heal injury and set a broken bone;

4) Zhou Fei Wan from Sheng Ji Zong Lu (Complete Record of Holy Benevolence). It is formulated with Bai Zi Ren (Arborvitae Seeds), Hu Tao Ren (Walnut Nut), and Mu Xiang (Costus) to treat lung distension.

Flying squirrel poop side effects and contraindications

Flying squirrel droppings are non-toxic. However, it may cause stomach discomfort in some patients even though the conventional dose of decoction is taken. And slightly larger doses may cause stomach pain response too. It was documented in classic theories that it is against ginseng. That’s to say, it can’t be served together with ginseng. It shouldn’t be used in pregnant women and patient with a bleeding tendency. In addition, it is inadvisable to use it as daily health supplement.

But today the view of trogopterus dung combining with ginseng might cause poisoning has been challenged by the fact and evidence of modern clinical applications. As a matter of fact, this pairing is good for the treatment of gastric ulcer, chronic gastritis, ulcer in the duodenum, and chronic colitis. More importantly, so far no single case was reported with any toxic and adverse effects. And satisfactory results were also obtained when they were used together to treat coronary heart disease and tumors. What’s more, clinically flying squirrel droppings combining with Dang Shen (Codonopsis) is still used in treating chronic bronchitis, gynecological bleeding, irregular menstruation, or fractures.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.