It can be a long list if all diseases of the digestive system are listed here. The situation would be much more complicated if every conditions are involved. Fortunately, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) never treats by modern disease names but the patterns, which refers to syndrome at times but are determined by all the symptoms and signs diagnosed. There is no exception as well when it comes to the disorders of the digestive tract. According to clinical practice, Ren Shen Jian Pi Wan (Ginseng Stomachic Tea Extract) is one of the most likely herbal formulas that might be chosen in this case.
What are the diseases of the digestive system?
Simply put, it refers to any pathological changes taking place in gastrointestinal (GI) tract or the digestive tract, which include organs like oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines (duodenum, jejunum, and Ileum), large intestines (cecum, colon, and rectum), liver, gallbladder, and pancreas, etc.
So, what are some diseases of the digestive system? Common digestive system diseases include chronic gastritis (CG), irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), appendicitis, celiac disease, ulcerative colitis, duodenal ulcer, pancreatitis, and crohn’s Disease, to name but a few.
General symptoms include stomachache, nausea, bloating, vomit, indigestion, hematemesis, heatburn, constipation, diarrhea, poor appetite, feebleness, weight loss or gain, and unexplained fever, etc.
What is Ren Shen Jian Pi Wan?
It is also known as Renshen Jianpi Pills and Renshen Jianpi Wan in Pinyin, literally Ginseng Stomach Extract in English. It is from Zheng Zhi Zhun Sheng Lei Fang (Standards of Diagnosis and Treatment), compiled by Kentang Wang (jin shi 1589.)
This prescription is composed of 11 Chinese herbs as follows:
Ren Shen (Ginseng Root), Bai Zhu (Atractylodes (White) Rhizome) (stirheating with bran), Shan Yao (Chinese Yam), Mu Xiang (Costus Root), Chen Pi (Tangerine Peel), Shen Qu (Medicated Leaven), Dang Gui (Dong Quai), Sha Ren (Cardamon), Huang Qi (Astragalus Root, honey fried), Suan Zao Ren (Sour Jujube Seed), and Yuan Zhi (Senega Root).
Treatment for diseases in the digestive system
Jian Pi Wan is a renowned herbal formula exclusively for promoting digestion to eliminate stagnation and reinforcing spleen to promote digestion. Hence the name is obtained because of this reason. This formula has a few different variations, among which Ren Shen Jian Pi Wan and Bao He Wan (Balanex Extract) are the most famous two, which are frequently used to alleviate indigestion in children. In addition, it is also widely used in treatments of chronic gastritis (CG), gastric neurosis, gastroduodenal ulcer, and chronic enteritis clinically. Now clinical findings also show that it benefits digestive system disorders remained after chemotherapy in tumor treatments. What’s more, it significantly helps refreshment in cancer patients after chemotherapy.
From the perspective of Chinese herbal formulas, it tonifies spleen, benefits vital energy, and harmonizes stomach to stop diarrhea. Main usage and indications are indigestion, epigastric distension and depression, gurgling sound in tummy, nausea and vomiting, pain and distension of abdomen, loose stools, poor appetite, languor, greasy and light yellow tongue coating, and weak pulse.
As mention earlier, it consists of 11 herbs, in which Si Jun Zi Tang minus Gan Cao (Four Gentlemen Teapills) is the very foundation. Each of them performs different part of job. Among them, Ren Shen and Bai Zhu are monarch herbs to tonify middle-Jiao and Qi and Nourish the spleen and stomach; Huang Qi helps the monarch herbs tonify spleen and Qi. Fu Ling, Shao Yao, and Sha Ren are to invigorate the spleen, eliminate dampness, and arrest diarrhea. All of them are ministerial herbs; Chen Pi and Mu Xiang regulate vital energy, eliminate the bloating discomfort, and refresh spleen. Dang Gui, Suan Zao Ren, and Yuan Zhi are adjuvant herbs, which nourish the blood, calm the heart, and tranquilizing the mind. Full blood helps promote the circulation of Qi, thus guarantee the smooth running of spleen and stomach.
Possible side effects and contraindications
Generally this formula has no or little side effects if taking properly. TCM wise, it is not suitable for excess pattern of spleen and stomach. It shouldn’t be taken along with Li Lu (Veratrum), Wu Ling Zhi (Flying Squirrel Feces), Zao Jia (Chinese honeylocust fruit) or their preparations. Patients with cardiac or renal insufficiency should take it under guidance of physician. In addition, please consult your physician or pharmacist before using Ren it if other drugs are being taken.
- Zheng Zhi Zhun Sheng Lei Fang (Standards of Diagnosis and Treatment) (Volume 5);
- Jian Pi Wan, Hudong-Wiki;
- Digestive diseases – Rush University Medical Center.