The cherokee rose, also called rosa laevigata in scientific name and Jin Ying Zi in Pinyin, is an herb known for its versatility. The cherokee rose fruit can provide a unique flavor experience thanks to its honey-like taste and the delicate fragrance. It is well-received today simply because this fruit is endowed with a wide variety of nutriments, especially vitamin C and reducing sugar. According to relevant analysis, every 100g of its fresh pulp contains 1009g vitamin C, which is second only to roxburgh rose, 2 times of fresh jujube fruit, 10 times of kiwi, 30 times and of citrus. In addition, it is rich in zinc and selenium. As you know, these two trace elements are essential to human body and have specific health benefits and anti-cancer effect. Medicinally all cherokee rose flower, leaf, fruit and root can be used as medicine for a number of diseases, in particular for men’s health. The more you get to know about this herb, the more you will be convinced that this is truly a fantastic herb instead of just an invasive weed you thought.
What is cherokee rose?
Medicinally it mainly refers to the dried ripe fruits of Rosa laevigata Michx., which is a plant in the family Rosaceae. And it is also commonly known as Cherokee Rosehip, Chinese Rosehip, Fructus Rosae Laevigatae, Rosae laevigatae Fructus, golden cherry fruit, Jinyingzi, Rosa laevigata fruit, and so on. In China it is widely distributed in Guangdong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Hubei, Guizhou and other places. Harvest time is from September to October. Before the use, it needs to remove the thorns and pit, and then dry in the sun.
Cherokee rose plant is an evergreen climbing shrub, which can grow to 5 meters high. Glabrous stems are with hooked prickles and bristles. Pinnately compound leaf is with petiole and rachis that have prickles and bristles; stipules are lanceolate, caducous and separated with petiole. Leaflets are leathery, glabrous, shiny, usually 3 but 5 sometimes, elliptic-ovate or lanceolate-ovate, 2.5 to 7cm long, 1.5 to 4.5cm wide, and with acute or acuminate apex, rounded base, and denticulate margin. Flowers solitarily grow on the top of lateral branch. Pedicel and calyx are densely covered with seta outside. Fruit is obovate, 2 to 4cm long, purple brown, and densely covered with seta. Flowering time is from April to June, and fruiting time is from July to November. Habitats are the sunny mountain, the edge of the field, and riverbank bushes with an elevation of 100 to 1600 meters.
Fruits contain citric acid and malic acid. Peel contains a variety of hydrolytic tannins, such as laevigatin A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, procyanidin B-3, agrimoniin, sanguiin H-4, pedunculagin, Potentillin, agrimonic acid A and B. Besides, the ground part can be decomposed into a variety of triterpenoids, including hederagenin, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, methyl 2a-ydroxyursolate, methyl tormentate, and so on.
Cherokee rose health benefits
Spermatorrhea is one of typical men’s diseases, which usually is being kept as a secret by most of men because they are embarrassed to talk about it to others. To bring it to an end, traditional Chinese medicine has lots of remedies, among which cherokee rose is one of the most commonly used herbs. The clinical manifestations of emission are the involuntary ejaculation of semen, at least 2 times a week. This condition usually occurs while sleep, along with dream or no dream. Or sometimes just a few drops of semen ooze out when passing water. In severe cases, semen can be ejaculated involuntarily even while a man is awake. And it is often accompanied with symptoms like dizziness, tinnitus, forgetfulness, palpitations, insomnia, soreness of waist and knee, lassitude, weak urine stream, discomfort and fullness in lower abdomen and genitals, etc. Wet dream is usually triggered by overstrain, excessive use of the brain, too much sexual intercourse, sexual urge induced by what one sees and hears, eating spicy food, and more. According to Chinese medicine theory, the culprit for excessive night emission is the insecurity of the essence gate due to spleen-kidney deficiency or essence chamber disturbance caused by dampness-heat. But seemingly its modern pharmacology doesn’t agree with that theory.
Modern pharmacological actions of rosa laevigata
1. The tannin contained has astringent, antidiarrheal effect;
2. Its decoction can inhibit Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, tetanus, leptospira and influenza virus;
3. Its decoction has anti-atherosclerotic effect.
Selected herbal remedies of cherokee roses
The Chinese Materia Medica says that it is sour and astringent in flavor and neutral and non-toxic in properties. And it goes to 5 meridians of kidney, bladder, colon, spleen, and lung. Common functions include securing essence, reducing urination, astringing intestine, and checking vaginal discharge. Essential medicinal uses and indications are night emission, enuresis, frequent urination, chronic diarrhea, lingering dysentery, gonorrhea, vaginal discharge, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, prolapse of anus, and uterine prolapse. Recommended dosage is from 9 to 15 grams in decoction, teapills, cream or powder.
1. Jin Ying Zi Gao from Ming Yi Zhi Zhang (A guide to famous physicians). This single herb is prepared into paste for the treatment of nocturnal emissions and insecurity of the semen.
2. Shui Lu Er Xian Dan from Ren Cun Tang Jing Yan Fang (Formulae of Experience from the Benevolence Remembrance Hall by Master Sun). It couples with Qian Shi (Euryale Seed) to treat gonorrhea.
3. Mi Yuan Jian from Jing Yue Quan Shu (Jingyue’s Complete Works). It works with Dang Shen (Codonopsis), Bai Zhu (White Atractylodes), Euryale Seed, Wu Wei Zi (Fructus Schisandrae), etc. to cure spleen deficiency induced chronic diarrhea and protracted dysentery.
4. Jin Ying Zi Jian from A New Book on Health Preservation for Old People (Shou Qin Yang Lao Xin Shu). It is used alone for the splenic diarrhea and frequency of urination.
5. Jin Ying Zi Wan from Zhu Shi Ji Yan Yi Fang (Classification of Zhu’s experiential prescriptions). It combines with Suo Sha (Villous amomum Fruit) to enrich the blood.
Cherokee rose side effects and contraindications
Cherokee rose herb seems safe to be consumed by most people if used properly. Since it is rich in vitamin C, side effects related to vitamin C would occur if taken in overdose. TCM wise, it shouldn’t be used in the cases of accompanied neurasthenia, insomnia, night sweats, excess fire, and pathogenic heat. Besides, cucumber and pork liver are not allowed when this herb is being taken.