Arisaema Cum Bile (Dan Nan Xing)

Bile ArisaemaArisaema Cum Bile, also known as Dan Nan Xing in Pinyin, is commonly used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). As one of outstanding representatives of phlegm-resolving drugs, this herb has extensive applications on eliminating phlegm, relieving spasm, and alleviating pain. Compared to ancient preparation, today’s technique is slightly different. And now let’s take a look at what this amazing herb can do to your health.

What is Arisaema Cum Bile?

Also known as Rhizoma Arisaematis Cum Bile in Latin, bile arisaema actually means the process, or sometimes the fermentation, product of combining fine prepared arisaema powder with bile of ox, sheep or pig. The final products are square block or cylindrical, orange-brown, gray-brown, or brown-black, hard, slightly fishy, and bitter.

The processing is rather complex.

1. Rinse repeatedly the raw arisaema in the water until there is no spicy taste. And then grind them into fine powder;
2. Filter the ox bile to eliminate the impurity, put in an equivalent amount of ox bile to the copper pot, and mix well with the above-mentioned arisaema fine powder;
3. Dry the mixture in the sun to the medium level after the bile is totally absorbed, put them into a mortar and pound them well, cut them into small pieces, and then leave them exposed in the open air day and night until the fishy smell is gone.

Arisaema cum bile health benefits

As you can see now, this is the arisaema herb that is specially processed with bile. It is widely used in TCM remedies and its efficacy is given a high recognition in ancient and modern literature.

Modern pharmacology

Although Jack in The Pulpit is the original herb for bile arisaema, unfortunately so far little research has been done on its pharmacology. As a result, its chemical composition, corresponding to the traditional efficacy, is unclear currently. That’s to say, the efficacy component of this herb remains unknown. And there are no uniform chemical composition indicators to represent completely and accurately and control its medicinal quality.

Popular bile arisaema related Chinese herbal formulas

TCM tends to believe that arisaema cum bile is bitter cold, slightly acrid, and cool in properties. And it covers three meridians, including lung, liver, and spleen. Its primary function is to clear heat, eliminate phlegm, and extinguish wind to arrest convulsion. Its key uses and indications include phlegm-heat coughing, coughing up yellow mucus, apoplexy due to phlegm confusing heart, and epilepsy. Usual decoction dosage is from 3 to 6 grams.

Pao Long Wan

Pao Long wan comes from Sheng Ji Zong Lu (Complete Record of Holy Benevolence). This formula is mainly formulated for infantile wind-heat accumulation, diaphragm stagnation, and arrest convulsion by cooling heart. Other major herbal ingredients include gold foil, silver foil, Zhu Sha (Cinnabar), Long Nao (Borneolum), and She Xiang (Navel Gland Secretions of Musk Deer).

Dan Xing Wan

Dan Xing Wan comes from Li Yue Pian Wen (Rhymed Discourse for Topical Remedies). This prescription is mainly used for infantile coma caused by phlegm confusing heart, drooling, and hands and feet cramping. Other prime herbs are Xi Jiao (Rhinoceros Horn), Ling Yang Jiao (Antelope Horn), Sheng Long Chi (Uncooked Dens Draconis), Bai Jie Zi (White Mustard Seed), and Zhu Sha.

Niu Huang Wan

Niu Huang Wan is from Sha Zheng Hui Yao (Compendium of Measles Syndrome). This is a formula that is basically for dyspnea caused by excessive sputum. Other key herbs are Tian Zhu Huang (Siliceous Secretions of Bamboo), Xiong Huang (Realgar), Zhu Sha, Niu Huang (Cattle Gallstone), She Xiang, and Gan Cao (Licorice Root).

Qing Fei Hua Tang Wan

Qing Fei Hua Tang Wan is principally used to descend reversed Qi, resolve phlegm, and relieve cough and asthma. The rest herbs include Ku Xing Ren (Bitter Apricot Seed), Ban Xia (pinellia), Zhi Ke (Aurantium), Huang Qin (Scutellaria), Chuan Bei Mu (Fritillaria Bulb), and so on.

Potential arisaema cum bile side effects and contraindications

As mentioned earlier, arisaema cum bile is made from the Jack-in-the-pulpit, which is generally considered a toxic herb. However processed or fermented by bile from ox, sheep or pig, its toxicity can be reduced significantly. What’s more, the bile can turn the nature of arisaema from warm to cool. And modern experimental pharmacology studies have shown that the bile can calm, soothe the nerves, and regulate the cardiovascular system.

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